Hepatitis C virus envelope protein E2 does not inhibit PKR by simple competition with autophosphorylation sites in the RNA-binding domain

Taylor, D. R., Tian, B., Romano, P. R., Hinnebusch, A. G., Lai, M. M. C., Mathews, M. B. (February 2001) Hepatitis C virus envelope protein E2 does not inhibit PKR by simple competition with autophosphorylation sites in the RNA-binding domain. Journal of Virology, 75 (3). pp. 1265-1273. ISSN 0022-538X

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11152499
DOI: 10.1128/jvi.75.3.1265-1273.2001

Abstract

Double-stranded-RNA (dsRNA)-dependent protein kinase PKR is induced by interferon and activated upon autophosphorylation. We previously identified four autophosphorylated amino acids and elucidated their participation in PKR activation. Three of these sites are in the central region of the protein, and one is in the kinase domain, Here we describe the identification of four additional autophosphorylated amino acids in the spacer region that separates the two dsRNA-binding motifs in the RNA-binding domain. Eight amino acids, including these autophosphorylation sites, are duplicated in hepatitis C virus (HCV) envelope protein E2. This region of E2 is required for its inhibition of PKR although the mechanism of inhibition is not known. Replacement of all four of these residues in PKR with alanines did not dramatically affect kinase activity in vitro or in yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae, However, when coupled with mutations of serine 242 and threonines 255 and 258 in the central region, these mutations increased PKR protein expression in mammalian cells, consistent with diminished kinase activity. A synthetic peptide corresponding to this region of PKR was phosphorylated in vitro by PKR, but phosphorylation was strongly inhibited after PKR was preincubated with HCV E2. Another synthetic peptide, corresponding to the central region of PKR and containing serine 242, was also phosphorylated by active PKR, but E2 did not inhibit this peptide as efficiently. Neither of the PKR peptides was able to disrupt the HCV E2-PKR interaction. Taken together, these results show that PKR is autophosphorylated on serine 83 and threonines 88, 89, and 90, that this autophosphorylation may enhance kinase activation, and that the inhibition of PKR by HCV E2 is not solely due to duplication of and competition with these autophosphorylation sites.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: DOUBLE-STRANDED-RNA NF-KAPPA-B POLYACRYLAMIDE-GEL ELECTROPHORESIS KINASE PKR INTERFERON ACTION HUMAN-CELLS IN-VIVO ACTIVATION PHOSPHORYLATION DAI
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > RNA binding protein
organism description > virus
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: February 2001
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2014 14:56
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2014 14:56
PMCID: PMC114032
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29317

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