A map of human genome sequence variation containing 1.42 million single nucleotide polymorphisms

Sachidanandam, R., Weissman, D., Schmidt, S. C., Kakol, J. M., Stein, L. D., Marth, G., Sherry, S., Mullikin, J. C., Mortimore, B. J., Willey, D. L., Hunt, S. E., Cole, C. G., Coggill, P. C., Rice, C. M., Ning, Z., Rogers, J., Bentley, D. R., Kwok, P. Y., Mardis, E. R., Yeh, R. T., Schultz, B., Cook, L., Davenport, R., Dante, M., Fulton, L., Hillier, L., Waterston, R. H., McPherson, J. D., Gilman, B., Schaffner, S., Van Etten, W. J., Reich, D., Higgins, J., Daly, M. J., Blumenstiel, B., Baldwin, J., Stange-Thomann, N., Zody, M. C., Linton, L., Lander, E. S., Altshuler, D. (2001) A map of human genome sequence variation containing 1.42 million single nucleotide polymorphisms. Nature, 409 (6822). pp. 928-33.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11237013
DOI: 10.1038/35057149

Abstract

We describe a map of 1.42 million single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) distributed throughout the human genome, providing an average density on available sequence of one SNP every 1.9 kilobases. These SNPs were primarily discovered by two projects: The SNP Consortium and the analysis of clone overlaps by the International Human Genome Sequencing Consortium. The map integrates all publicly available SNPs with described genes and other genomic features. We estimate that 60,000 SNPs fall within exon (coding and untranslated regions), and 85% of exons are within 5 kb of the nearest SNP. Nucleotide diversity varies greatly across the genome, in a manner broadly consistent with a standard population genetic model of human history. This high-density SNP map provides a public resource for defining haplotype variation across the genome, and should help to identify biomedically important genes for diagnosis and therapy.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Chromosome Mapping Genetics, Medical Genetics, Population *Genome, Human Humans Nucleotides *Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide *Variation (Genetics)
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > genomes
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > single nucleotide polymorphism
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Sachidanandam lab
CSHL labs > Stein lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 17 Jan 2014 15:15
Last Modified: 17 Jan 2014 15:15
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29293

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