Signaling sides adaxial-abaxial patterning in leaves

Kidner, C. A., Timmermans, M. C. P. (2010) Signaling sides adaxial-abaxial patterning in leaves. Current Topics in Developmental Biology, 91. pp. 141-168.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20705181
DOI: 10.1016/s0070-2153(10)91005-3

Abstract

Most leaves are dorsiventrally flattened and develop clearly defined upper and lower surfaces. Light capturing is the specialization of the adaxial or upper surface and the abaxial or lower surface is specialized for gas exchange (Fig. 5.1). This division into adaxial and abaxial domains is also key for the outgrowth of the leaf blade or lamina, which occurs along the boundary between the upper and lower sides. How this polarity is set up is not clear but genetic analysis in a range of species suggests that several highly conserved interlocking pathways are involved. Positional information from the meristem is reinforced by signaling through the epidermal layer as the meristem grows away from the leaf primordium. Opposing ta-siRNA and miRNA gradients help refine distinct adaxial and abaxial sides, and mutual inhibition between the genes expressed on each side stabilizes the boundary. In this review we consider how recent work in a range of species is clarifying our understanding of these processes.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: AUXIN-RESPONSE FACTORS COMPOUND LEAF DEVELOPMENT KNOX HOMEOBOX GENES CLASS IIIHD-ZIP LATERAL ORGANS TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS YABBY GENE ZINC-FINGER CRABS-CLAW CELL FATE
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell functions > cell signaling
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > leaf polarity
organism description > plant
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Timmermans lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 2010
Date Deposited: 19 Dec 2013 15:22
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2018 17:50
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29114

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