Further evidence that inhibitor-2 acts like a chaperone to fold PP1 into its native conformation

MacKintosh, C., Garton, A. J., McDonnell, A., Barford, D., Cohen, P. T. W., Tonks, N. K., Cohen, P. (November 1996) Further evidence that inhibitor-2 acts like a chaperone to fold PP1 into its native conformation. Febs Letters, 397 (2-3). pp. 235-238. ISSN 0014-5793

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8955354
DOI: 10.1016/s0014-5793(96)01175-1

Abstract

The gamma 1-isoform of protein phosphatase-1 expressed in Escherichia coli (PP1 gamma) and the native PP1 catalytic subunit (PP1C) isolated from skeletal muscle dephosphorplated Ser-14 of glycogen phosphorylase at comparable rates, In contrast, PP1 gamma dephosphorylated several tyrosine-phosphorylated proteins at similar rates to authentic protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPases), but native PP1C was almost inactive towards these substrates. The phosphorylase phosphatase (PhP) and PTPase activities of PP1 gamma were inhibited by vanadate with IC50 values (30-100 mu M) comparable to authentic PTPases, whereas the PhP activity of native PP1C was insensitive to vanadate, PP1 gamma lost its PTPase activity, and its PhP activity became insensitive to vanadate, after interaction with inhibitor-2, followed by the reversible phosphorylation of inhibitor-2 at Thr-72, These findings support and extend the hypothesis that inhibitor-2 functions like a chaperone to fold PP1 into its native conformation, and suggest that the correct folding of PP1 may be critical to prevent the uncontrolled dephosphorylation of cellular phosphotyrosine residues.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: protein phosphatase-1 inhibitor-2 chaperone protein tyrosine phosphatase PROTEIN-TYROSINE-PHOSPHATASE RABBIT SKELETAL-MUSCLE CATALYTIC SUBUNIT PHOSPHORYLATION SPECIFICITY ACTIVATOR ENZYME 2A
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > chaperones
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > protein tyrosine phosphatase
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Tonks lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: November 1996
Date Deposited: 17 Dec 2013 19:39
Last Modified: 17 Dec 2013 19:39
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29053

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