A critical pole for phosphoinositide 3-kinase upstream of Gab1 and SHP2 in the activation of Ras and mitogen-activated protein kinases by epidermal growth factor

Yart, A., Laffargue, M., Mayeux, P., Chretien, S., Peres, C., Tonks, N., Roche, S., Payrastre, B., Chap, H., Raynal, P. (March 2001) A critical pole for phosphoinositide 3-kinase upstream of Gab1 and SHP2 in the activation of Ras and mitogen-activated protein kinases by epidermal growth factor. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 276 (12). pp. 8856-8864. ISSN 0021-9258

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11134009
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M006966200

Abstract

Although the mechanisms involved in the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) by receptor tyrosine kinases do not display an obvious role for phosphoinositide 3-kinases (PI3Ks), we have observed in the nontransformed cell line Vero stimulated with epidermal growth factor (EGF) that wortmannin and LY294002 nearly abolished MAPK activation. The effect was observed under strong stimulation and was independent of EGF concentration. In addition, three mutants of class Is PI3Ks were found to inhibit MAPK activation to an extent similar to their effect on Akt/protein kinase B activation. To determine the importance of PI3K lipid kinase activity in MAPK activation, we have used the phosphatase PTEN and the pleckstrin homology domain of Tec kinase, Overexpression of these proteins, but not control mutants, was found to inhibit MAPK activation, suggesting that the lipid products of class Ia PI3K are necessary for MAPK signaling. We next investigated the location of PI3K in the MAPK cascade. Pharmacological inhibitors and dominant negative forms of PI3K were found to block the activation of Pas induced by EGF, Upstream from Pas, although association of Grb2 with its conventional effectors was independent of PI3K we have observed that the recruitment of the tyrosine phosphatase SHP2 required PI3K, Because SHP2 was also essential for Ras activation, this suggested the:existence of a PI3K/SHP2 pathway leading to the activation of Pas. In addition, we have observed that the docking protein Gab1, which is involved in PI3K activation during EGF stimulation, is also implicated in this pathway downstream of PI3K, Indeed, the association of Gab1 with SHP2 was blocked by PI3K inhibitors, and expression of Gab1 mutant deficient for binding to SHPS was found to inhibit Ras stimulation without interfering with PI3K activation. These results show that, in addition to Shc and Grb2, a PI3K-dependent pathway involving Gab1 and SHP2 is essential for Ras activation under EGF stimulation.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: PLECKSTRIN HOMOLOGY DOMAINS RECEPTOR TYROSINE KINASE SIGNAL-REGULATED KINASE TUMOR-SUPPRESSOR PTEN PHOSPHATIDYLINOSITOL 3-KINASE LYSOPHOSPHATIDIC-ACID DOCKING PROTEIN IN-VIVO ERK PHOSPHORYLATION
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > epidermal growth factor
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > G protein
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > Mitogen-activated protein kinase
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > phosphoinositide 3-kinase
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > G protein > Ras
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Tonks lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: March 2001
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2013 19:26
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2013 19:26
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29012

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