Robertson's Mutator transposons in A-thaliana are regulated by the chromatin-remodeling gene Decrease in DNA Methylation (DDM1)

Singer, T., Yordan, C., Martienssen, R. A. (March 2001) Robertson's Mutator transposons in A-thaliana are regulated by the chromatin-remodeling gene Decrease in DNA Methylation (DDM1). Genes & Development, 15 (5). pp. 591-602. ISSN 0890-9369

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11238379
DOI: 10.1101/gad.193701

Abstract

Robertson's Mutator transposable elements in maize undergo cycles of activity and then inactivity that correlate with changes in cytosine methylation. Mutator-like elements are present in the Arabidopsis genome but are heavily methylated and inactive. These elements become demethylated and active in the chromatin-remodeling mutant ddm1 ((D) under bar ecrease in (D) under bar NA (M) under bar ethylation), which leads to loss of heterochromatic DNA methylation. Thus, DNA transposons in plants appear to be regulated by chromatin remodeling. In inbred ddm1 strains, transposed elements may account, in part, for mutant phenotypes unlinked to ddm1. Gene silencing and paramutation are also regulated by DDM1, providing support for the proposition that epigenetic silencing is related to transposon regulation.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: transposable element heterochromatin epigenetic DDM1 plant arabidopsis-thaliana element system mu-transposons maize protein sequences retrotransposons mutations mutant locus
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > DNA expression
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > Chromatin dynamics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > epigenetics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > epigenetics

bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > DNA expression > transposable elements
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > transposons
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Martienssen lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: March 2001
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2013 15:32
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2013 15:32
PMCID: PMC312647
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/29003

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