A human protein required for the second step of pre-mRNA splicing is functionally related to a yeast splicing factor

Horowitz, D. S., Krainer, A. R. (January 1997) A human protein required for the second step of pre-mRNA splicing is functionally related to a yeast splicing factor. Genes & Development, 11 (1). pp. 139-151. ISSN 0890-9369

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9000057
DOI: 10.1101/gad.11.1.139

Abstract

We have identified a human splicing factor required for the second step of pre-mRNA splicing. This new protein, hPrp18, is 30% identical to the yeast splicing factor Prp18. In HeLa cell extracts immunodepleted of hPrp18, the second step of pre-mRNA splicing is abolished. Splicing activity is restored by the addition of recombinant hPrp18, demonstrating that hPrp18 is required for the second step. The hPrp18 protein is bound tightly to the spliceosome only during the second step of splicing. hPrp18 is required for the splicing of several pre-mRNAs, making it the first general second-step splicing factor found in humans. Splicing activity can be restored to hPrp18-depleted HeLa cell extracts by yeast Prp18, showing that important functional regions of the proteins have been conserved. A 90-amino-acid region near the carboxyl terminus of hPrp18 is strongly homologous to yeast Prp18 and is also conserved in rice and nematodes. The homology identifies one region important for the function of both proteins and may define a new protein motif. In contrast to yeast Prp18, hPrp18 is not stably associated with any of the snRNPs. A 55-kD protein that cross-reacts with antibodies against hPrp18 is a constituent of the U4/U6 and U4/U6 . U5 snRNP particles.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: pre-mRNA splicing splicing factor Prp18 U4/U6 snRNP small nuclear ribonucleoprotein messenger-rna saccharomyces-cerevisiae 2nd step snrnp protein catalytic step site selection exon sequences human-cells factor psf
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > pre-mRNA
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > RNA splicing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > splicing factor
organism description > yeast
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Krainer lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: January 1997
Date Deposited: 11 Dec 2013 16:27
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2013 16:27
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/28940

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