Comparative network analysis of gene co-expression networks reveals the conserved and species-specific functions of cell-wall related genes between arabidopsis and poplar

Wang, D., Pan, E., Fang, G., Kumari, S., He, F., Ware, D., Maslov, S., Gerstein, M. (September 2013) Comparative network analysis of gene co-expression networks reveals the conserved and species-specific functions of cell-wall related genes between arabidopsis and poplar. 2013 4th ACM Conference on Bioinformatics, Computational Biology and Biomedical Informatics, ACM-BCB 2013 . ACM, pp. 689-690. ISBN 9781450324342 (ISBN)

URL: http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?doid=2506583.250669...
DOI: 10.1145/2506583.2506690

Abstract

In this study, we established a computational framework of comparative network analysis to identify the conserved and species-specific functions of cell-wall (CW) related genes [1, 2], an important gene family related to plant bio-fuel productions across multiple tissue types between Arabidopsis and Poplar. The co-expressed genes are believed to coordinate in transcription so that they may have similar functions [3, 4]. Also, a comparative analysis across species for gene co-expression networks (GCNs) provides a systematic way to understand genomic conserved or species-specific functions [5]. Therefore, to understand the functions of CW genes in different tissue types, we integrated and compared the network characteristics of CW genes across GCNs from different tissue types including leaf, flower and shoot for Arabidopsis and Poplar [6]. First, by aligning the gene coexpression sub-networks associated with CW genes between two plants for each tissue type, we grouped the tissue types based on the alignment of the CW genes along with their neighboring orthologous genes. For those tissues with good alignments, it suggests that CW genes coordinate in a similar way for both plants, which may have involved in the conserved functions. For the tissues with poor alignments, however, CW genes may take part in species-specific functions. The gene ontology enrichment and signaling pathways of their co-expressed neighboring genes were identified to provide new insight for cell wall biology. Second, since the genes with high network centralities of a GCN, so called "hub" genes, are believed to have key functions [7], we investigated the network centralities for the CW genes between two plants to understand their functions in a global network point of view. The network centralities of GCN that we used are clustering coefficient (CC) for measuring gene's local cliqueness, and eigenvector centrality (EC) for measuring gene's global influence over the entire network. Besides finding hub genes for each tissue type within and across two plants, we also identified the conserved hub genes and tissue-specific hub genes in either local or global fashion. The CW genes that happen to become hub were particularly of interest to study. If many CW genes are global hubs in certain tissues, it implies that cell wall related activities may interact with the whole plant in those tissues, but if local hubs, they may coordinate with certain local activities only. Finally, we used the genomic variation data to identify the species-specific SNPs, especially in the promoter regions of the CW co-expressed neighboring genes across tissues, and associate them with corresponding species-specific functions. In summary, our comparative network analysis framework studied gene coexpression networks for the cell wall related genes across different tissue types in Arabidopsis and Poplar, and identified their conserved and species-specific functions and variations. This framework can also be used to study other gene families along with their functions across multiple species. Copyright © 2007 by the Association for Computing Machinery.

Item Type: Book
Uncontrolled Keywords: Arabidopsis Bio-energy Bio-fuel Cell walls Gene co-expression network analysis Integrated/comparative analysis Network centrality Poplar Signaling pathway Variation/SNP
Subjects: organism description > plant > Arabidopsis
bioinformatics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene expression
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function
Publication Type > Meeting Abstract
organism description > plant
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Ware lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 22 September 2013
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2013 19:18
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2018 19:21
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/28879

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