Selective activation of oxidized PTP1B by the thioredoxin system modulates PDGF-ß receptor tyrosine kinase signaling

Dagnell, M., Frijhoff, J., Pader, I., Augsten, M., Boivin, B., Xu, J., Mandal, P. K., Tonks, N. K., Hellberg, C., Conrad, M., Arnér, E. S. J., Östman, A. (August 2013) Selective activation of oxidized PTP1B by the thioredoxin system modulates PDGF-ß receptor tyrosine kinase signaling. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 110 (33). pp. 13398-13403. ISSN 00278424

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23901112
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1302891110

Abstract

The inhibitory reversible oxidation of protein tyrosine phosphatases (PTPs) is an important regulatory mechanism in growth factor signaling. Studies on PTP oxidation have focused on pathways that increase or decrease reactive oxygen species levels and thereby affect PTP oxidation. The processes involved in reactivation of oxidized PTPs remain largely unknown. Here the role of the thioredoxin (Trx) system in reactivation of oxidized PTPs was analyzed using a combination of in vitro and cell-based assays. Cells lacking the major Trx reductase TrxR1 (Txnrd1-/-) displayed increased oxidation of PTP1B, whereas SHP2 oxidation was unchanged. Furthermore, in vivo-oxidized PTP1B was reduced by exogenously added Trx system components, whereas SHP2 oxidation remained unchanged. Trx1 reduced oxidized PTP1B in vitro but failed to reactivate oxidized SHP2. Interestingly, the alternative TrxR1 substrate TRP14 also reactivated oxidized PTP1B, but not SHP2. Txnrd1-depleted cells displayed increased phosphorylation of PDGF-ß receptor, and an enhanced mitogenic response, after PDGF-BB stimulation. The TrxR inhibitor auranofin also increased PDGF-ß receptor phosphorylation. This effect was not observed in cells specifically lacking PTP1B. Together these results demonstrate that the Trx system, including both Trx1 and TRP14, impacts differentially on the oxidation of individual PTPs, with a preference of PTP1B over SHP2 activation. The studies demonstrate a previously unrecognized pathway for selective redox-regulated control of receptor tyrosine kinase signaling.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Cell signaling Redox regulation
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell functions
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell functions > cell signaling
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > kinase
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > kinase > tyrosine kinase
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > enzymes > protein tyrosine phosphatase
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Tonks lab
CSHL Cancer Center Program > Signal Transduction
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 13 August 2013
Date Deposited: 18 Sep 2013 15:47
Last Modified: 22 Dec 2017 16:20
PMCID: PMC3746926
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/28579

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