The sequence of rice chromosomes 11 and 12, rich in disease resistance genes and recent gene duplications

Choisne, N., Demange, N., Orjeda, G., Samain, S., D'Hont, A., Cattolico, L., Pelletier, E., Couloux, A., Segurens, B., Wincker, P., Scarpelli, C., Weissenbach, J., Salanoubat, M., Quetier, F., Singh, N. K., Mohapatra, T., Sharma, T. R., Gaikwad, K., Singh, A., Dalal, V., Srivastava, S. K., Dixit, A., Pal, A. K., Ghazi, I. A., Yadav, M., Pandit, A., Bhargava, A., Sureshbabu, K., Dixit, R., Singh, H., Swain, S. C., Pal, S., Ragiba, M., Singh, P. K., Singhal, V., Mendiratta, S. D., Batra, K., Raghuvanshi, S., Mohanty, A., Bharti, A. K., Gaur, A., Gupta, V., Kumar, D., Vydianathan, R., Vij, S., Kapur, A., Khurana, P., Sharma, S., Khurana, J. P., Tyagi, A. K., Yuan, Q. P., Ouyang, S., Liu, J., Zhu, W., Wang, A. H., Lin, H. N., Hamilton, J., Haas, B., Wortman, J., Jones, K. M., Kim, M., Overton, L., Tsitrin, T., Fadrosh, D., Bera, J., Weaver, B., Jin, S. H., Johri, S., Reardon, M., Vuong, H., Tallon, L., Van Aken, S., Lewis, M., Utterback, T., Feldblyum, T., Zismann, V., Iobst, S., Hsiao, J., de Vazeille, A. R., Salzberg, S. L., White, O., Fraser, C., Buell, C. R., Yu, Y., Rambo, T., Currie, J., Collura, K., Kim, H. R., Stum, D., Wang, W. M., Kudrna, D., Mueller, C., Wing, R. A., Kramer, M., Spiegel, L., Nascimento, L., Preston, R., Zutavern, T., Palmer, L., O'Shaughnessy, A., McCombie, W. R. (2005) The sequence of rice chromosomes 11 and 12, rich in disease resistance genes and recent gene duplications. BMC Biology, 3. ISSN 1741-7007

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16188032
DOI: 10.1186/1741-7007-3-20

Abstract

Background: Rice is an important staple food and, with the smallest cereal genome, serves as a reference species for studies on the evolution of cereals and other grasses. Therefore, decoding its entire genome will be a prerequisite for applied and basic research on this species and all other cereals. Results: We have determined and analyzed the complete sequences of two of its chromosomes, 11 and 12, which total 55.9 Mb (14.3% of the entire genome length), based on a set of overlapping clones. A total of 5,993 non-transposable element related genes are present on these chromosomes. Among them are 289 disease resistance-like and 28 defense-response genes, a higher proportion of these categories than on any other rice chromosome. A three-Mb segment on both chromosomes resulted from a duplication 7.7 million years ago (mya), the most recent large-scale duplication in the rice genome. Paralogous gene copies within this segmental duplication can be aligned with genomic assemblies from sorghum and maize. Although these gene copies are preserved on both chromosomes, their expression patterns have diverged. When the gene order of rice chromosomes 11 and 12 was compared to wheat gene loci, significant synteny between these orthologous regions was detected, illustrating the presence of conserved genes alternating with recently evolved genes. Conclusion: Because the resistance and defense response genes, enriched on these chromosomes relative to the whole genome, also occur in clusters, they provide a preferred target for breeding durable disease resistance in rice and the isolation of their allelic variants. The recent duplication of a large chromosomal segment coupled with the high density of disease resistance gene clusters makes this the most recently evolved part of the rice genome. Based on syntenic alignments of these chromosomes, rice chromosome 11 and 12 do not appear to have resulted from a single whole-genome duplication event as previously suggested.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: maize genome draft sequence japonica rice dna evolution map identification arabidopsis population annotation
Subjects: bioinformatics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > chromosome
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > chromosomes, structure and function > chromosome

bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > chromosomes, structure and function
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function
organism description > plant
organism description > plant > rice
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > McCombie lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2013 19:30
Last Modified: 23 Apr 2013 19:30
PMCID: PMC1261165
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/28243

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