Dogma derailed: the many influences of RNA on the genome

Sabin, L. R., Delas, M. J., Hannon, G. J. (March 2013) Dogma derailed: the many influences of RNA on the genome. Molecular Cell, 49 (5). pp. 783-94. ISSN 1097-2765

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23473599
DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2013.02.010

Abstract

Epigenetic control of gene expression is a critical component of transcriptional regulation. Remarkably, the deposition of epigenetic modifications is often guided by noncoding RNAs. Although noncoding RNAs have been most often implicated in posttranscriptional gene silencing, these molecules are now emerging as critical regulators of gene expression and genomic stability at the transcriptional level. Here, we review recent efforts to understand the mechanisms by which RNA controls the expression or content of DNA. We discuss the role of both small RNAs and long noncoding RNAs in directing chromatin changes through histone modifications and DNA methylation. Furthermore, we highlight the function of RNA in mediating DNA cleavage during genome rearrangements and pathogen defense. In understanding the mechanisms of RNA control over DNA, the power of RNA may one day be harnessed to impact gene expression in a therapeutic setting.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > transcription
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > epigenetics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > epigenetics

bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene expression
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > ncRNA
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL Post Doctoral Fellows
CSHL labs > Hannon lab
Watson School > Publications
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 7 March 2013
Date Deposited: 01 Apr 2013 16:25
Last Modified: 07 Apr 2015 14:41
PMCID: PMC3825098
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/28043

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