Short Preoperative Treatment With Erlotinib Inhibits Tumor Cell Proliferation in Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancers

Guix, M., de Matos Granja, N., Meszoely, I., Adkins, T. B., Wieman, B. M., Frierson, K. E., Sanchez, V., Sanders, M. E., Grau, A. M., Mayer, I. A., Pestano, G., Shyr, Y., Muthuswamy, S., Calvo, B., Krontiras, H., Krop, I. E., Kelley, M. C., Arteaga, C. L. (February 2008) Short Preoperative Treatment With Erlotinib Inhibits Tumor Cell Proliferation in Hormone Receptor Positive Breast Cancers. J Clin Oncol, 26 (6). pp. 897-906.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18180460
DOI: 10.1200/JCO.2007.13.5939

Abstract

PURPOSE: To administer the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) tyrosine kinase inhibitor erlotinib to patients with operable untreated breast cancer during the immediate preoperative period and to measure an antiproliferative and/or a proapoptotic effect in the post-therapy specimen and determine a biomarker profile associated with evidence of erlotinib-mediated cellular activity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Newly diagnosed patients with stages I to IIIA invasive breast cancer were treated with erlotinib 150 mg/d orally for 6 to 14 days until the day before surgery. Erlotinib plasma levels were measured by tandem mass spectrometry the day of surgery. Drug-induced changes in tumor cell proliferation and apoptosis were assessed by Ki67 immunohistochemistry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate-biotin nick-end labeling analysis, respectively, in biopsies from the pretherapy and surgical specimens. Biopsies were also evaluated for P-EGFR, P-HER-2, P-MAPK, P-Akt, P-S6, and S118 P-ERalpha. RESULTS: In drug-sensitive PC9 xenografts, 5 days of treatment with erlotinib were enough to induce a maximal inhibition of cell proliferation and induction of apoptosis. Forty-one patients completed preoperative treatment with erlotinib. Grade </= 2 rash and diarrhea were the main toxicities. Erlotinib inhibited tumor cell proliferation (Ki67), P-EGFR, and P-HER-2. The inhibition of proliferation occurred in estrogen receptor (ER) -positive but not in human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER-2) -positive or triple-negative cancers. Treatment was associated with a significant reduction of P-MAPK, P-Akt, P-S6, and S118 P-ERalpha in hormone receptor-positive cancers. CONCLUSION: A presurgical approach to evaluate cellular responses to new drugs is feasible in breast cancer. EGFR inhibitors are worthy of testing against ER-positive breast cancers but are unlikely to have clinical activity against HER-2\Npositive or triple-negative breast cancers.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adult Aged Animals Antineoplastic Agents/blood/pharmacology/*therapeutic use Breast Neoplasms/*drug therapy/metabolism/pathology/*surgery Cell Proliferation/drug effects Chemotherapy, Adjuvant Female Humans Immunohistochemistry In Situ Nick-End Labeling Ki-67 Antigen/metabolism Mice Mice, Nude Middle Aged Neoadjuvant Therapy/*methods Neoplasm Staging Neoplasms, Hormone-Dependent/*drug therapy/metabolism/pathology/*surgery Protein Kinase Inhibitors/blood/pharmacology/*therapeutic use Protein-Tyrosine Kinases/*antagonists & inhibitors Quinazolines/blood/pharmacology/*therapeutic use Receptor, Epidermal Growth Factor/metabolism Receptor, erbB-2/metabolism Receptors, Estrogen/metabolism Receptors, Progesterone/metabolism Signal Transduction/drug effects Tandem Mass Spectrometry Treatment Outcome Tumor Markers, Biological/*metabolism Xenograft Model Antitumor Assays
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
diseases & disorders
therapies
diseases & disorders > cancer > cancer types > breast cancer
therapies > cancer drugs - see diseases-cancer-drugs and therapies
diseases & disorders > cancer > drugs and therapies > chemotherapy
diseases & disorders > cancer > cancer types
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Muthuswamy lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 20 February 2008
Date Deposited: 25 Feb 2013 20:26
Last Modified: 25 Feb 2013 20:26
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27620

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