Endothelial progenitor cells are cellular hubs essential for neoangiogenesis of certain aggressive adenocarcinomas and metastatic transition but not adenomas

Kerbel, R. S., Benezra, R., Lyden, D. C., Hattori, K., Heissig, B., Nolan, D. J., Mittal, V., Shaked, Y., Dias, S., Bertolini, F., Rafii, S. (August 2008) Endothelial progenitor cells are cellular hubs essential for neoangiogenesis of certain aggressive adenocarcinomas and metastatic transition but not adenomas. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A, 105 (34). E54 .

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18715995
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.0804876105

Abstract

Purhonen et al. (1) have refuted the data published in >50 reports (2, 3), neglecting to quote key articles or utilize relevant models, and have drawn unsubstantiated conclusions about the contribution of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to tumor angiogenesis that are not supported by their nonquantitative data and superficially executed experiments. Their study (1) is flawed in experimental design and data interpretation. For example, they do not cite their own publication demonstrating the existence of VEGFR2+ EPCs (4) and neglect mentioning clinical validation (5, 6) and acknowledging mouse genetic models (2, 3), which provide convincing evidence for functional incorporation of EPCs into neovessels. Every figure lacks stereoconfocal-microscopic quantification of vessels that are presented as poorly defined longitudinal–linear streaks. Plasma VEGF-A levels were not measured in vivo in mice treated with VEGF-A, questioning their low level of VEGFR2+ EPC detection (3). Indeed, their FACS analysis is inaccurate because of (i) unconvincing CD31/VE-cadherin/VEGFR2 expression detected on MS-1 endothelium used as positive control and (ii) failure to show long-term marrow engraftment of donor-derived hematopoietic and authentic VEGFR2+LacZ+ colony-forming EPCs. APCmin mice develop only obstructive adenomas, rather than adenocarcinomas; therefore, it is an inappropriate model to study EPC incorporation, as Spring et al. (7) (not quoted) demonstrate that EPCs do not contribute to adenomas but contribute only to carcinomas/metastatic tumors. In the parabiotic model, wild-type EPCs compete with GPF+ EPCs, which underestimates EPC recruitment. Finally, study of 6-month-old VEGF-A-loaded Matrigel plugs in mice is impossible because Matrigel plugs are degraded within 2 months, particularly when VEGF-A by itself does not induce neoangiogenesis. No quantification of patent vessels in Matrigel plugs was provided. This article fails to disprove the established role of EPCs in supporting neoangiogenesis in certain tumors (3, 5) and metastatic transition (2).

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
diseases & disorders
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types

organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > endothelial progenitor cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > endothelial progenitor cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > endothelial progenitor cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > progenitor cell > endothelial progenitor cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > progenitor cell > endothelial progenitor cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > progenitor cell > endothelial progenitor cell

organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Mittal lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 26 August 2008
Date Deposited: 26 Feb 2013 21:12
Last Modified: 08 Nov 2017 21:02
PMCID: PMC2527966
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27520

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