CD36-dependent Regulation of Muscle FoxO1 and PDK4 in the PPAR{delta}/{beta}-mediated Adaptation to Metabolic Stress

Nahle, Z., Hsieh, M., Pietka, T., Coburn, C. T., Grimaldi, P. A., Zhang, M. Q., Das, D., Abumrad, N. A. (May 2008) CD36-dependent Regulation of Muscle FoxO1 and PDK4 in the PPAR{delta}/{beta}-mediated Adaptation to Metabolic Stress. J Biol Chem, 283 (21). pp. 14317-26.

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18308721
DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M706478200

Abstract

The transcription factor FoxO1 contributes to the metabolic adaptation to fasting by suppressing muscle oxidation of glucose, sparing it for glucose-dependent tissues. Previously, we reported that FoxO1 activation in C(2)C(12) muscle cells recruits the fatty acid translocase CD36 to the plasma membrane and increases fatty acid uptake and oxidation. This, together with FoxO1 induction of lipoprotein lipase, would promote the reliance on fatty acid utilization characteristic of the fasted muscle. Here, we show that CD36-mediated fatty acid uptake, in turn, up-regulates protein levels and activity of FoxO1 as well as its target PDK4, the negative regulator of glucose oxidation. Increased fatty acid flux or enforced CD36 expression in C(2)C(12) cells is sufficient to induce FoxO1 and PDK4, whereas CD36 knockdown has opposite effects. In vivo, CD36 loss blunts fasting induction of FoxO1 and PDK4 and the associated suppression of glucose oxidation. Importantly, CD36-dependent regulation of FoxO1 is mediated by the nuclear receptor PPARdelta/beta. Loss of PPARdelta/beta phenocopies CD36 deficiency in blunting fasting induction of muscle FoxO1 and PDK4 in vivo. Expression of PPARdelta/beta in C(2)C(12) cells, like that of CD36, robustly induces FoxO1 and suppresses glucose oxidation, whereas co-expression of a dominant negative PPARdelta/beta compromises FoxO1 induction. Finally, several PPRE sites were identified in the FoxO1 promoter, which was responsive to PPARdelta/beta. Agonists of PPARdelta/beta were sufficient to confer responsiveness and transactivate the heterologous FoxO1 promoter but not in the presence of dominant negative PPARdelta/beta. Taken together, our findings suggest that CD36-dependent FA activation of PPARdelta/beta results in the transcriptional regulation of FoxO1 as well as PDK4, recently shown to be a direct PPARdelta/beta target. FoxO1 in turn can regulate CD36, lipoprotein lipase, and PDK4, reinforcing the action of PPARdelta/beta to increase muscle reliance on FA. The findings could have implications in the chronic abnormalities of fatty acid metabolism associated with obesity and diabetes.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
diseases & disorders > nutritional and metabolic diseases
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > transcription factor
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Zhang lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: 23 May 2008
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2013 16:20
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2013 16:20
PMCID: PMC2386936
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27498

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