Detailed analysis of a contiguous 22-Mb region of the maize genome

Wei, F., Stein, J. C., Liang, C., Zhang, J., Fulton, R. S., Baucom, R. S., De Paoli, E., Zhou, S., Yang, L., Han, Y., Pasternak, S., Narechania, A., Zhang, L., Yeh, C. T., Ying, K., Nagel, D. H., Collura, K., Kudrna, D., Currie, J., Lin, J., Kim, H., Angelova, A., Scara, G., Wissotski, M., Golser, W., Courtney, L., Kruchowski, S., Graves, T. A., Rock, S. M., Adams, S., Fulton, L. A., Fronick, C., Courtney, W., Kramer, M., Spiegel, L., Nascimento, L., Kalyanaraman, A., Chaparro, C., Deragon, J. M., Miguel, P. S., Jiang, N., Wessler, S. R., Green, P. J., Yu, Y., Schwartz, D. C., Meyers, B. C., Bennetzen, J. L., Martienssen, R. A., McCombie, W. R., Aluru, S., Clifton, S. W., Schnable, P. S., Ware, D., Wilson, R. K., Wing, R. A. (2009) Detailed analysis of a contiguous 22-Mb region of the maize genome. PLoS genetics, 5 (11). e1000728. ISSN 1553-7404 (Electronic)1553-7390 (Linking)

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URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19936048
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1000728

Abstract

Most of our understanding of plant genome structure and evolution has come from the careful annotation of small (e.g., 100 kb) sequenced genomic regions or from automated annotation of complete genome sequences. Here, we sequenced and carefully annotated a contiguous 22 Mb region of maize chromosome 4 using an improved pseudomolecule for annotation. The sequence segment was comprehensively ordered, oriented, and confirmed using the maize optical map. Nearly 84% of the sequence is composed of transposable elements (TEs) that are mostly nested within each other, of which most families are low-copy. We identified 544 gene models using multiple levels of evidence, as well as five miRNA genes. Gene fragments, many captured by TEs, are prevalent within this region. Elimination of gene redundancy from a tetraploid maize ancestor that originated a few million years ago is responsible in this region for most disruptions of synteny with sorghum and rice. Consistent with other sub-genomic analyses in maize, small RNA mapping showed that many small RNAs match TEs and that most TEs match small RNAs. These results, performed on approximately 1% of the maize genome, demonstrate the feasibility of refining the B73 RefGen_v1 genome assembly by incorporating optical map, high-resolution genetic map, and comparative genomic data sets. Such improvements, along with those of gene and repeat annotation, will serve to promote future functional genomic and phylogenomic research in maize and other grasses.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Base Pairing genetics Base Sequence Chromosomes Plant genetics DNA Transposable Elements genetics Evolution Molecular Gene Duplication Gene Rearrangement genetics Genes Plant Genetic Loci genetics Genome Plant genetics Molecular Sequence Data Mutation genetics Open Reading Frames genetics Oryza sativa genetics Physical Chromosome Mapping RNA Plant genetics Sequence Homology Nucleic Acid Sorghum genetics Synteny genetics Zea mays genetics
Subjects: bioinformatics
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics
organism description > plant > maize
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > genomes
organism description > plant
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Martienssen lab
CSHL labs > McCombie lab
CSHL labs > Ware lab
CSHL Cancer Center Shared Resources > Bioinformatics Service
CSHL Cancer Center Shared Resources > DNA Sequencing Service
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2013 17:28
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2014 16:46
PMCID: PMC2773423
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27358

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