Effects of water chemistry on the chronic toxicity of lead to the cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia dubia

Mager, E. M., Brix, K. V., Gerdes, R. M., Ryan, A. C., Grosell, M. (March 2011) Effects of water chemistry on the chronic toxicity of lead to the cladoceran, Ceriodaphnia dubia. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 74 (3). pp. 238-243. ISSN 01476513 (ISSN)

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21145110
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2010.11.005

Abstract

As the first step toward parameterization of a chronic lead (Pb) biotic ligand model (BLM) for Ceriodaphnia dubia, 7-d toxicity tests were performed in waters modified to evaluate the influences of hardness, DOM (as Suwannee River NOM and Aldrich humic acid (HA)), pH (buffered with 4mM MOPS) and alkalinity on the chronic toxicity of Pb. Calculated EC20s for the control base water test and each of the most extreme modified test waters were as follows in γgL-1 Pb (95% confidence interval): base water control=45 (14-53), 5mM CaSO4=22 (12-30), 32mgL-1 DOM=523 (388-573), 2.5mM NaHCO3=73 (21-120) and pH 6.4 buffered with MOPS=3.9γgL-1 Pb (1-5). Results indicate that hardness does not protect against chronic toxicity of Pb to C. dubia, whereas HA does protect at the highest concentration tested (597γM). Additionally, our findings suggest that low pH increases the chronic toxicity of Pb whereas increased alkalinity is protective. The findings reported herein support the need for a chronic Pb BLM as an alternative approach to hardness-based regulations. © 2010 Elsevier Inc.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alkalinity Biotic ligand model Dissolved organic matter Hardness Pb Water quality
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Powers lab
Depositing User: Matt Covey
Date: March 2011
Date Deposited: 07 Feb 2013 15:11
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2013 15:11
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/27125

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