Studies of aberrant phyllotaxy1 Mutants of Maize Indicate Complex Interactions between Auxin and Cytokinin Signaling in the Shoot Apical Meristem

Lee, B. h., Johnston, R., Yang, Y., Gallavotti, A., Kojima, M., Travencolo, B. A., Costa Lda, F., Sakakibara, H., Jackson, D. P. (May 2009) Studies of aberrant phyllotaxy1 Mutants of Maize Indicate Complex Interactions between Auxin and Cytokinin Signaling in the Shoot Apical Meristem. Plant Physiol, 150 (1). pp. 205-16. ISSN 0032-0889 (Print)

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19321707
DOI: 10.1104/pp.109.137034

Abstract

One of the most fascinating aspects of plant morphology is the regular geometric arrangement of leaves and flowers, called phyllotaxy. The shoot apical meristem (SAM) determines these patterns, which vary depending on species and developmental stage. Auxin acts as an instructive signal in leaf initiation, and its transport has been implicated in phyllotaxy regulation in Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana). Altered phyllotactic patterns are observed in a maize (Zea mays) mutant, aberrant phyllotaxy1 (abph1, also known as abphyl1), and ABPH1 encodes a cytokinin-inducible type A response regulator, suggesting that cytokinin signals are also involved in the mechanism by which phyllotactic patterns are established. Therefore, we investigated the interaction between auxin and cytokinin signaling in phyllotaxy. Treatment of maize shoots with a polar auxin transport inhibitor, 1-naphthylphthalamic acid, strongly reduced ABPH1 expression, suggesting that auxin or its polar transport is required for ABPH1 expression. Immunolocalization of the PINFORMED1 (PIN1) polar auxin transporter revealed that PIN1 expression marks leaf primordia in maize, similarly to Arabidopsis. Interestingly, maize PIN1 expression at the incipient leaf primordium was greatly reduced in abph1 mutants. Consistently, auxin levels were reduced in abph1, and the maize PIN1 homolog was induced not only by auxin but also by cytokinin treatments. Our results indicate distinct roles for ABPH1 as a negative regulator of SAM size and a positive regulator of PIN1 expression. These studies highlight a complex interaction between auxin and cytokinin signaling in the specification of phyllotactic patterns and suggest an alternative model for the generation of altered phyllotactic patterns in abph1 mutants. We propose that reduced auxin levels and PIN1 expression in abph1 mutant SAMs delay leaf initiation, contributing to the enlarged SAM and altered phyllotaxy of these mutants.

Item Type: Paper
Additional Information:
Subjects: organism description > plant > Arabidopsis
organism description > plant > maize
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > protein structure, function, modification > protein types > auxin
organism description > plant behavior > phyllotaxy
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Jackson lab
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date: May 2009
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2012 18:19
Last Modified: 08 Apr 2015 13:53
PMCID: PMC2675719
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/25931

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