Mutations in the Gene Encoding the Adenovirus Early Region-1b 19,000-Molecular-Weight Tumor-Antigen Cause the Degradation of Chromosomal DNA

White, E., Grodzicker, T., Stillman, B. W. (1984) Mutations in the Gene Encoding the Adenovirus Early Region-1b 19,000-Molecular-Weight Tumor-Antigen Cause the Degradation of Chromosomal DNA. Journal of Virology, 52 (2). pp. 410-419. ISSN 0022-538X

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6492256

Abstract

he adenovirus mutant Ad2ts111 has been previously shown to contain a mutation in the early region 2A gene encoding the single-stranded-DNA-binding protein that results in thermolabile replication of virus DNA and a mutation in early region 1 that causes degradation of intracellular DNA. A recombinant virus, Ad2cyt106, has been constructed which contains the Ad2ts111 early region 1 mutation and the wild-type early region 2A gene from adenovirus 5. This virus, like its parent Ad2ts111, has two temperature-independent phenotypes; first, it has the ability to cause an enhanced and unusual cytopathic effect on the host cell (cytocidal [cyt] phenotype) and second, it induces degradation of cell DNA (DNA degradation [deg] phenotype). The mutation responsible for these phenotypes is a single point mutation in the gene encoding the adenovirus early region 1B (E1B) 19,000-molecular-weight (19K) tumor antigen. This mutation causes a change from a serine to an asparagine in the 20th amino acid from the amino terminus of the protein. Three other mutants that affect the E1B 19K protein function have been examined. The mutants Ad2lp5 and Ad5dl337 have both the cytocidal and DNA degradation phenotypes (cyt deg), whereas Ad2lp3 has only the cytocidal phenotype and does not induce degradation of cell DNA (cyt deg+). Thus, the DNA degradation is not caused by the altered cell morphology. Furthermore, the mutant Ad5dl337 does not make any detectable E1B 19K protein product, suggesting that the absence of E1B 19K protein function is responsible for the mutant phenotypes. A fully functional E1B 19K protein is not absolutely required for lytic growth of adenovirus 2 in HeLa cells, and its involvement in transformation of nonpermissive cells to morphological variants is discussed.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > cancer
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > annotation > gene expression profiling annotation
organism description > virus
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Stillman lab
Highlight: Stillman, Bruce W.
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date Deposited: 17 Feb 2012 19:37
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 20:39
PMCID: PMC254541
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/25140

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