Structure and function of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sir3 BAH domain

Connelly, J. J., Yuan, P., Hsu, H. C., Li, Z., Xu, R. M., Sternglanz, R. (April 2006) Structure and function of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sir3 BAH domain. Mol Cell Biol, 26 (8). pp. 3256-65. ISSN 0270-7306 (Print)

URL: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16581798
DOI: 10.1128/mcb.26.8.3256-3265.2006

Abstract

Previous work has shown that the N terminus of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae Sir3 protein is crucial for the function of Sir3 in transcriptional silencing. Here, we show that overexpression of N-terminal fragments of Sir3 in strains lacking the full-length protein can lead to some silencing of HML and HMR. Sir3 contains a BAH (bromo-adjacent homology) domain at its N terminus. Overexpression of this domain alone can lead to silencing as long as Sir1 is overexpressed and Sir2 and Sir4 are present. Overexpression of the closely related Orc1 BAH domain can also silence in the absence of any Sir3 protein. A previously characterized hypermorphic sir3 mutation, D205N, greatly improves silencing by the Sir3 BAH domain and allows it to bind to DNA and oligonucleosomes in vitro. A previously uncharacterized region in the Sir1 N terminus is required for silencing by both the Sir3 and Orc1 BAH domains. The structure of the Sir3 BAH domain has been determined. In the crystal, the molecule multimerizes in the form of a left-handed superhelix. This superhelix may be relevant to the function of the BAH domain of Sir3 in silencing.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence Binding Sites Chromatin Immunoprecipitation Conserved Sequence Crystallography X-Ray Dimerization Electrostatics Escherichia coli genetics Gene Silencing Histidine chemistry Models Molecular Molecular Sequence Data Nucleosomes metabolism Plasmids metabolism Point Mutation Protein Binding Protein Structure Tertiary Recombinant Fusion Proteins chemistry metabolism Saccharomyces cerevisiae/ chemistry genetics metabolism Saccharomyces cerevisiae Proteins chemistry genetics metabolism Silent Information Regulator Proteins Saccharomyces cerevisiae chemistry genetics metabolism
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > genes, structure and function > gene silencing
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > mutations
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Xu lab
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date: April 2006
Date Deposited: 20 Dec 2011 16:26
Last Modified: 13 Apr 2018 14:25
PMCID: PMC1446965
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/22777

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