RNA-interference-directed chromatin modification coupled to RNA polymerase II transcription

Schramke, V., Sheedy, D. M., Denli, A. M., Bonila, C., Ekwall, K., Hannon, G. J., Allshire, R. C. (June 2005) RNA-interference-directed chromatin modification coupled to RNA polymerase II transcription. Nature, 435 (7046). pp. 1275-1279. ISSN 0028-0836

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15965464
DOI: 10.1038/nature03652

Abstract

RNA interference (RNAi) acts on long double-stranded RNAs (dsRNAs) in a variety of eukaryotes to generate small interfering RNAs that target homologous messenger RNA, resulting in their destruction. This process is widely used to 'knock-down' the expression of genes of interest to explore phenotypes(1-3). In plants(3-5), fission yeast(6-8), ciliates(9,10), flies(11) and mammalian cells(12,13), short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) also induce DNA or chromatin modifications at the homologous genomic locus, which can result in transcriptional silencing or sequence elimination(14). siRNAs may direct DNA or chromatin modification by siRNA - DNA interactions at the homologous locus(4,5). Alternatively, they may act by interactions between siRNA and nascent transcript(15,16). Here we show that in fission yeast ( Schizosaccharomyces pombe), chromatin modifications are only directed by RNAi if the homologous DNA sequences are transcribed. Furthermore, transcription by exogenous T7 polymerase is not sufficient. Ago1, a component of the RNAi effector RISC/RITS complex, associates with target transcripts and RNA polymerase II. Truncation of the regulatory carboxy-terminal domain (CTD) of RNApol II disrupts transcriptional silencing, indicating that, like other RNA processing events(17-19), RNAi-directed chromatin modification is coupled to transcription.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: genome rearrangement gene expression DNA methylation human cells heterochromatin yeast RITS rits MAINTENANCE tetrahymena complex
Subjects: bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > RNAi
organism description > yeast > Saccharomyces > Schizosaccharomyces pombe
bioinformatics > genomics and proteomics > genetics & nucleic acid processing > DNA, RNA structure, function, modification > siRNA
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Hannon lab
Watson School > Publications
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date: June 2005
Date Deposited: 05 Jan 2012 16:56
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2014 20:58
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/22697

Actions (login required)

Administrator's edit/view item Administrator's edit/view item
CSHL HomeAbout CSHLResearchEducationNews & FeaturesCampus & Public EventsCareersGiving