Neurogenic hippocampal targets of deep brain stimulation

Encinas, J. M., Hamani, C., Lozano, A. M., Enikolopov, G. N. (January 2011) Neurogenic hippocampal targets of deep brain stimulation. Journal of Comparative Neurology, 519 (1). pp. 6-20. ISSN 1096-9861 (Electronic) 0021-9967 (Linking)

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21120924
DOI: 10.1002/cne.22503

Abstract

Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is being used to treat movement, neurological, and psychiatric disorders; recently it has been successfully applied to patients with treatment-resistant depression or in minimally conscious state. In addition to its clinical importance, DBS presents a powerful approach to target specific neural circuits and determine the functional relationship between the components of these circuits. We examined the effect of high-frequency stimulation of a crucial component of the limbic circuitry, the anterior thalamic nuclei (ATN), on the generation of new neurons in the dentate gyrus (DG) of the hippocampus, another component of the same circuitry. Adult hippocampal neurogenesis emerges as a strong correlate of antidepressant treatments; however, in most cases, the progenitor cell population targeted by a specific treatment is not known. Using reporter mouse lines designed to quantify changes in selected classes of neural progenitors, we found that high-frequency stimulation of the ATN increases symmetric divisions of a defined class of neural progenitors in the DG; this effect is later manifested as an increased number of new neurons. The affected class of neural progenitors is also affected by the antidepressant fluoxetine (Prozac) and physical exercise (running). This indicates that neurogenic stimuli of different natures can converge on the same neurogenic target in the DG. Our results also suggest that hippocampal neurogenesis may be used as a sensitive indicator of the limbic circuitry activation induced by DBS.

Item Type: Paper
Subjects: diseases & disorders > mental disorders > mood disorders
therapies > deep brain stimulation
diseases & disorders > mental disorders > mood disorders > depression
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > hippocampus
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Enikopolov lab
CSHL Cancer Center Shared Resources > Animal Services
CSHL Cancer Center Shared Resources > Microscopy Service
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date: 1 January 2011
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2011 16:05
Last Modified: 30 Dec 2014 17:01
PMCID: PMC3042399
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/15627

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