The mushroom body

Campbell, R. A. A., Turner, G. C. (2010) The mushroom body. Current Biology, 20 (1).

URL: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20152134
DOI: 10.1016/j.cub.2009.10.031

Abstract

What is a mushroom body? The mushroom body is a prominent and striking structure in the brain of several invertebrates, mainly arthropods. It is found in insects, scorpions, spiders, and even segmented worms. With its long stalk crowned with a cap of cell bodies, a GFP-labeled mushroom body certainly lives up to its name (Figure 1). The mushroom body is composed of small neurons known as Kenyon cells, named after Frederick Kenyon, who first applied the Golgi staining technique to the insect brain. The honey bee brain, for instance, contains roughly 175,000 neurons per mushroom body while the brain of the smaller fruit fly Drosophila melanogaster only possesses about 2,500. Kenyon cells thus make up 20% and 2%, respectively, of the total number of neurons in each insect's brain. Kenyon cell bodies sit atop the calyx, a tangled zone of synapses representing the site of sensory input. Projecting away from the calyx is the stalk comprised of Kenyon cell axons carrying information away to the output lobes.

Item Type: Paper
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mushroom body Brain Atlas Kenyon cells
Subjects: organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > Kenyon cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > Kenyon cell
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types > Kenyon cell

organism description > animal behavior
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions > cell types

organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > cell types and functions
organism description > animal behavior > learning
organism description > animal behavior > memory
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions > mushroom body
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions
organs, tissues, organelles, cell types and functions > tissues types and functions
CSHL Authors:
Communities: CSHL labs > Turner lab
CSHL Post Doctoral Fellows
Depositing User: CSHL Librarian
Date Deposited: 29 Sep 2011 14:41
Last Modified: 01 May 2013 20:37
Related URLs:
URI: http://repository.cshl.edu/id/eprint/15381

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